Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British. It was fought in the Netherlands and Germany in World War II. The success of the operation depended on taking a series of nine bridges, the last being at the city of Arnhem over the Rhine river. Airborne and land forces succeeded in the liberation of the Dutch cities of Eindhoven and Nijmegen, but failed in keeping their farthest positions in and around the city of Arnhem including the bridge over the Rhine.
~ All are remembered with Respect, Pride and Gratitude ~
6 June 1919 - 9 July 2018
Educated at Sandhurst, the Royal Military College, Lord Carrington was commissioned into the 2nd Battalion of the Grenadier Guards as a second lieutenant on 26 January 1939. He served with the regiment during the Second World War and was promoted to lieutenant and rose to the rank of temporary captain and acting major and was awarded the Military Cross. He took part in the Operation Market Garden (september 1944) as a tank commander with the 82nd AD, the 504th PIR and XXX Corps troops in Nijmegen and at the Waal bridge.
The Battle of Nijmegen or Liberation of Nijmegen occurred in the Netherlands from 17 to 20 September 1944, as part of Operation Market Garden during World War II. The Allies' primary goal was to capture the two bridges over the Waal River at Nijmegen, the road route over the Waalbrug (Waal Bridge) and Nijmegen railway bridge, and relieve the British 1st Airborne Division and Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade at Arnhem, 10 miles (16 km) north of Nijmegen. The Allied infantry units at Arnhem were surrounded by German forces, and involved in heavy fighting for control of bridges over the Rhine.
On 17 September Companies of the 504th Infantry Regiment were dropped near the Grave Bridge, which was conquered and defended successfully against German counterattacks after a two to three hour firefight. The 1st Battalion of the 504th had to seize the four Canal bridges, designated as no. 7, 8, 9 and 10. Bridge 8 was destroyed by the Germans; Bridge 9 near Hatert was blown up as well; but Bridge 7 near Heumen was captured by the Americans. At night of 18 September, Companies F, D and HQ occupied Grave without any resistance; they waited until the arrival of the British XXX Corps.
On 20th September the crossing took place at 15:00, around 2 kilometres downstream from the Waal Bridge, near the old Gelderland Power Plant. The U.S. Paratroopers of the 3rd Parachute Infantry Battalion, 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment were fired on by German tanks, artillery and small arms, suffering losses (48 troopers were killed with several dozens more were wounded). Some boats capsized or sank during the crossing. With 16 boats, the 3rd Battalion succeeded in transporting most troops to the other side in several shifts.
Operation Market Garden 75th Anniversary will be commemorated in the towns of the Netherlands from the 17th till the 21nd of September 2019.
We will visit Grave, Groesbeek, Driel, Arnhem, Renkum and Nijmegen.
All the events will be attended by crowds of Dutch people and their foreign guests from the United Kingdom, the United States, Poland, Belgium, France and many other countries.
This might be the last chance to pay our respect to all the veterans who fought for our liberty and freedom in Spetember 1944 during Operation Market Garden.
We will remember them!
Copyright 2019 @ Market Garden Veterans Association